Posture And Its Importance
POSTURAL DISORDER DEVELOPMENT FOR CHILDREN
- Children have thin and submissive wrist pouches and ties. This makes the skeleton very flexible and easily deformable.
- Prolonged static unidirectional loads cause skeletal deformities, particularly abnormal spinal curvature or scoliosis.
- Regular sitting in the wrong height bench contributes to the pathological curvature of the spine. If the bench is too low, the child sits with a round back, causing abnormal breast kyphosis with scoliosis or humpback (habit kyphoscoliosis).
- Carrying a heavy school bag in one hand or on one shoulder also contributes to the development of spinal scoliosis.
POSTURE CORRECTION IN CHILDREN
The main cause of scoliosis is weakness in the back muscles. Children most commonly have lumbar spine because of weak back muscles. Therefore, children need exercises to strengthen their back muscles.
Correction of posture disorders and treatment of deformable scoliosis requires:
- specific, individual exercises for the back muscles
- correct posture and sitting in a school bench
- wearing a backpack
STRUCTURAL SCOLIOSIS WITH RIB ROTATION FLEXING FORWARD
When structural scoliosis is pronounced, body asymmetry with a cosmetic defect occurs, and circulatory and respiratory systems are impaired. What causes it?
- Idiopathic scoliosis (cause unknown): – develops early – usually disappears or declines as the child grows up; – girls usually develop late – in infancy or puberty (10-14 years), do not disappear.
- Congenital scoliosis.
- Secondary scoliosis: – Towards musculoskeletal disorders; – Wrong postures when sitting everyday at school, carrying heavy items in only one hand
Because children usually do not walk bare feet, they have weak foot muscles and ligaments. That is why nowadays flat feet often develop because of foot arch slipping. The formation of the flat foot is facilitated by connective tissue disorders that affect the mechanical properties of collagen fibers and ligaments
The flat foot is corrected with orthopedic footwear or insoles that lift the arch of the foot.
- Performs special exercises to strengthen the muscles of the foot and lower leg.
- Make children walk on uneven surfaces (such as cones)
O AND X LEGS
- O-Leg or Cow Legs occur due to large bones curves. If the child is standing with the feet together, the knees are outward from the centerline. It is a characteristic of children who are just beginning to walk and under 3 years of age.
- The characteristic of X-Shaped Legs is if the child is standing with knees together, the feet are far apart. Meets many children aged 2 to 7 years. These skeletal deformities usually disappear as children grow older.