Types of Injury
The locomotor system is also known as the musculoskeletal system. It is made up of the skeleton, skeletal muscles, ligaments, tendons, joints, cartilage and other connective tissue. These parts work together to allow your body to move.
Injuries that happen can be divided into two categories:
- acute traumatic damages (macrotrauma injuries), that result from a single traumatic or forceful blow or event (ankle sprain, joint dislocation, ruptured tendons)
- overuse (microtrauma injuries), that result from frequent, repeated use of muscles, tendons, ligaments, joints and bones
In youth sports, the most common type of injuries are those that stem from the overuse, 72% of all injuries are non-contact related with U10-U12 age groups being the most at risk of sustaining a training injury, therefore high importance should be given to proper rest and recovery.
The Growing Cartilage
The growing cartilage presence in bones and the growth process itself puts kids at risk of sport injuries that are not common for adults.
In immature scelet it is located in 3 places – in growth zones at the end of bones (metaphase), it covers the surface of joints and in secondary growth centres around joints: muscle and tendon attachment positions.
Both types of injuries can affect all 3 of the mentioned areas.
How To Prevent These Injuries?
During the off-season, a balanced physical activity routine should involve cardio, strength training and regular flexibility exercises. It is important to slowly increase the amount and intensity of activities to allow the body to adjust to the excess energy expenditure and ensure a healthy development.
Just as importantly, the attention should be paid to:
- Pre-training warm up and after training warm down and stretch
- Hydration throughout the day but especially during the exercise
- Appropriate equipment, such as shin guards, weather appropriate clothing and football boots adjusted to the playing surface
- Educating the young athletes on basic safety measures like not hanging in the football goals for example
- Date:May 14, 2018
- Tags:photography, agency, creative
- Project Type:Multipurpose Template